What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain In Females Before Period

Menstruating women typically suffer from cramping and pain in the days leading up to their period and throughout the first few days of bleeding. But is it possible for a woman to experience period cramps 10 days before period really begins?  The simple answer is "yes", however there could be other causes of cramping around that time.

Menstrual Cramps 

You know the feeling of cramps if you've ever had them before. It can feel like  Squeezing or intense pressure in the pelvic area, resembling a slight contraction. Menstrual cramps are known medically as dysmenorrhea. Your uterine lining sheds and exits your body through your vaginal canal once a month.

Some women have mild monthly cramps, while others have painful periods that can't be ignored. Uterine contractions can be painful because of prostaglandins, which act like hormones but are not actually hormones.


Menstrual cramps can be caused by a range of symptoms like,

  • Severe, throbbing, or cramping discomfort in the lower abdomen.
  • Pain that begins 1–3 days before the start of your period, reaches its peak within the first 24 hours of your period, and lessens within the following 2–3 days is typical of menstrual cramps.
  • Radiating pain in the hips and thighs.

Additional symptoms that some females experience include:

  • Nausea
  • Stomach upset with loose stools
  • Headache
  • Dizziness

Causes of Period Cramps 

Although cramping is not a common symptom of PMS, it can occur as early as a week before your period starts due to fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone and may also be PCOS pain.

There may be other reasons for cramps a week before your period too. Here, we’ll look into some of the causes of menstrual cramps:

Causes of Period Cramps


Endometriosis is a gynecological condition in which tissue similar to endometrium grows in areas other than the uterus, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, pelvic floor, and, in extreme cases, the colon, diaphragm, liver, lungs, and brain.

Hormonal fluctuations during a woman's menstrual cycle have been linked to tissue irritation and inflammation as early as a week before beginning. Endometriosis symptoms may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Period discomfort (urinary or intestinal) sickness 
  • Bloating for up to two weeks before menstruation
  • Heavy menstrual flow

Uterine Fibroids 

The uterus can sometimes develop benign tumors called fibroids. Fatty fibroids might cause no symptoms in some persons and severe pain or discomfort in others, causing women stomach pain. Possible symptoms include:

  • irregular or heavy bleeding 
  • terrible pelvic pain or pressure 
  • painful cramps during intercourse

Copper intrauterine device(IUD) 

A copper intrauterine device (IUD) is a long-acting, non-hormonal method of contraception that can be effective for up to ten years. This device, implanted in the uterus by a medical professional, prevents pregnancy by immobilizing sperm and stopping eggs from implanting.

Some women experience unwanted effects from using a copper intrauterine device (IUD), including more menstrual bleeding and pelvic pain, which can need an earlier removal.


If sperm fertilizes an egg, the implantation of the embryo into the uterine wall might cause cramping. Depending on when ovulation and conception happened, implantation cramping may develop as early as a week before a period is expected. Bleeding or spotting are other possible indications of implantation.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 

To put it simply, pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the female reproductive tract that occurs most frequently due to untreated STDs. PID can result in inflammation, scarring, unpleasant menstrual cramps, and infertility if it is not controlled.


Ovarian cysts are sacs that form on an ovary. Even though most cysts heal on their own, you could feel uncomfortable while the cyst is there. Some of these adverse effects include pain, pressure, or cramping in the pelvis and feeling full or bloated.


Although menstrual cramps don't put your health at risk, it is an inconvenience that can keep you at discomfort in class, at work, and in social situations.

On the other hand, menstruation cramps might be complicated by a number of underlying illnesses. Issues with the ability to conceive may be brought on by endometriosis, for instance. Scarring of the fallopian tubes caused by pelvic inflammatory illness can increase the probability that a fertilized egg will not implant in the uterus (ectopic pregnancy).

When menstrual cramps begin a week or more before your period is due to begin, they can be extremely inconvenient and even devastating. Here are some proven and effective home treatments for PMS pain and cramps.


When menstrual cramps begin a week or more before your period is due to begin, they can be extremely inconvenient and even devastating. Here are some proven and effective home treatments for PMS pain and cramps.

  • Take a hot bath or relax with a heating pad to ease the strain on your uterus.
  • Take some pain reliever, such as ibuprofen, or medicine made especially to alleviate period cramps, such as Midol.
  • Cramps are exacerbated by dehydration, so it's important to drink lots of water and cut back on salt, alcohol, and caffeine.
  • Cramps can be alleviated by taking certain supplements, such as calcium, magnesium, and zinc. Also, you can try solvve which contains all of these, which can solve your menstrual cramps and also PCOS symptoms pain.
  • Doing yoga, acupressure, or another form of mild exercise may help you calm your uterine muscles.

Remedies for Abdominal Pain In Females Before Period

Menstrual cramp causes:

  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine Fibroids
  • Copper intrauterine device(IUD)
  • Implantation 
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 
  • Cysts